Araştırma Makalesi
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Yıl 2020, Cilt 67, Sayı 1, 81 - 86, 26.12.2019
https://doi.org/10.33988/auvfd.601391

Öz

Kaynakça

  • 1. Aladaş A (2013): Koyunlarda kırkım öncesi C vitamini ve humik asit uygulamasının kırkım stresini azaltmasındaki etkisinin incelenmesi. Yüksek Lisans Tezi. Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Afyonkarahisar.
  • 2. Alpay Ş (2013): Hümik asit esaslı adsorban maddelerle ağır metal giderimi. Yüksek Lisans Tezi. Gazi Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Ankara.
  • 3. Angulo E, Brufau J, Esteve-Garcia E (1995): Effect of sepiolite on pellet durability in feeds differing in fat and fibre content. Anim Feed Sci Technol, 53, 233-241.
  • 4. Angulo E, Brufau J, Esteve-Garcia E (1996): Effect of a sepiolite product on pellet durability in pig diets differing in particle size and in broiler starter and finisher diets. Anim Feed Sci Technol, 63, 25-34.
  • 5. AOAC (2000): Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists. 17th ed. AOAC International, Maryland, USA.
  • 6. Ayan S, Sıvacıoğlu A, Öner N, et al (2007): Kurak ve yarı kurak alanlarda bitki canlılığını korumada kullanılabilecek toprak ıslah edici materyaller. 183-190. In: Proceedings of Türkiye'de Yarı Kurak Bölgelerde Yapılan Ağaçlandırma ve Erozyon Kontrolü Uygulamalarının Değerlendirilmesi. Nevşehir, Turkey.
  • 7. Başer Ö, Yalçın S (2017): Determination of some quality characteristics in pet foods. Ankara Univ Vet Fak Derg, 64, 21-24.
  • 8. Behnke KC (1994): Factors affecting pellet quality. 44-54. In: Proceedings of Maryland Nutrition Conference. College Park, USA.
  • 9. Behnke KC (2001): Factors influencing pellet quality. Feed Tech, 5, 19-22.
  • 10. Bertipaglia LMA, Fondevila M, Van Laar H, et al (2010): Effect of pelleting and pellet size of a concentrate for intensively reared beef cattle on in vitro fermentation by two different approaches. Anim Feed Sci Technol, 159, 88-95.
  • 11. Bobohm KF (1992): Adjustable roll gap. Benefits to energy demand throughout and pellet durability. Feed International, 13, 30-35.
  • 12. Dawson B, Trapp RG (2001): Basic & Clinical Biostatistics. Lange Medical Book/ McGraw-Hill Medical Publishing Division, New York.
  • 13. EFSA (2013): Scientific opinion on the safety and efficacy of a preparation of bentonite and sepiolite (Toxfin Dry) as feed additive for all species. EFSA J, 11, 3179.
  • 14. Engin VT, Cöcen EI (2012): Leonardit ve humik maddeler. MT Bilimsel, 1, 13-20.
  • 15. Fairchild F, Greer D (1999): Pelleting with precise mixer moisture control. Feed International, 20, 32-36.
  • 16. Gill C (1993): Chemistry for high quality pellets. Or refining the role of binders. Feed International, 14, 10-11.
  • 17. Goering H, Van Soest P (1970): Forage Fiber Analyses (Apparatus, Reagents, Procedures, and Some Applications). U.S. Agricultural Research Service, Washington DC.
  • 18. Griban VG, Stepchenko LM, Zhorina LV (1988): The live weight gain and disease resistance of young cattle and poultry stock as influenced by physiologically active peat preparation. 45-50. In: Proceedings of 8th International Peat Congress. Leningrad, Russia.
  • 19. McKee JW (1988): Effect of wheat gluten on underwater pellet stability of pelleted catfish and shrimp diets. A Master's Thesis. Kansas State University, Manhattan.
  • 20. Qiu GZ, Jiang T, Li HX, et al (2003): Functions and molecular structure of organic binders for iron ore pelletization. Colloid Surf A Physicochem Eng Asp, 224, 11-22.
  • 21. Rakic L (2012): Feed structure: Effects on physical quality of the feed, chemical status of the feed and nutriional consequence. A Master's Thesis. Norwegian University of Life Science, Norway.
  • 22. Reece FN, Lott BD, Deaton JW (1986): Effects of environmental temperature and corn particle size on response of broilers to pelleted feed. Poult Sci, 65, 636-641.
  • 23. Richardson W, Day EJ (1976): Effect of varying levels of added fat in broiler diets on pellet quality. Feedstuffs, 48, 24.
  • 24. Schoeff RW (1994): History of the Formula Feed Industry. 2-11. In: RR McEllhiney (Ed), Feed Manufacturing Technology IV. American Feed Industry Association, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
  • 25. Shi Y, Parker DB, Cole NA, et al (2001): Surface amendments to minimize ammonia emissions from beef cattle feedlots. Amer Soc Agric Eng, 44, 677-682.
  • 26. Thomas M, Van Vliet T, Van der Poel AFB (1998): Physical quality of pelleted animal feed. 3. Contribution of feedstuff components. Anim Feed Sci Technol, 70, 59-78.
  • 27. TKI-Humas (2016): TKİ-Hümas, Türkiye Kömür İşletmeleri Kurumu Genel Müdürlüğü Arge Dairesi Başkanlığı. Available at www.tkihumas.gov.tr. (Accessed June 12, 2019).
  • 28. Wood JF (1987): The functional properties of feed raw materials and their effect on the production and quality of feed pellets. Anim Feed Sci Technol, 18, 1-17.
  • 29. Yalçın S, Yalçın S, Gebeş ES, et al (2017): Sepiolite as a feed supplement for broilers. Appl Clay Sci, 148, 95-102.
  • 30. Yalçın S, Çıvracı S, Burçak E, et al (2018a): Effects of usage of sepiolite in layer diet on pellet quality and pellet production parameters. Kocatepe Vet J, 11, 134-139.
  • 31. Yalçın S, Onbaşılar I, Escribano F, et al (2018b): Broyler büyütme yeminde sepiyolitin su ile birlikte kullanımının pelet kalitesi ve üretim parametreleri üzerine etkisi. Vet Hekim Der Derg, 89, 25-31.
  • 32. Yalçın S, Burçak E, Onbaşılar İ, et al (2019a): Improvement in pellet production parameters and pellet quality characteristics with sepiolite supplementation in dairy cattle concentrate. Kafkas Univ Vet Fak Derg, 25, 119-123.
  • 33. Yalçın S, Burçak E, Onbaşılar İ, et al (2019b): Effects of sepiolite supplementation to dairy concentrate on pellet quality characteristics. JOAAT, 6, 119-123.
  • 34. Yörük MA, Laçin E, Hayırlı A, et al (2008): Humat ve prebiyotiklerin farklı yerleşim sıklığında yetiştirilen Japon bıldırcınlarında verim özellikleri, yumurta kalitesi ve kan parametrelerine etkisi. YYÜ Vet Fak Derg, 19, 15-22.
  • 35. Zhou Y, Kawatra SK (2017): Pelletization using humic substance-based binder. Min Proc Ext Met Rev, 38, 83-91.

Effects of supplementation of sepiolite and humate to beef cattle concentrate on pellet quality characteristics

Yıl 2020, Cilt 67, Sayı 1, 81 - 86, 26.12.2019
https://doi.org/10.33988/auvfd.601391

Öz

The aim of this study was to evaluate some pelleting characteristics of beef cattle concentrate with added sepiolite and potassium humate alone or combined. For this purpose, one control group (basal concentrate) with no additive and five treatment groups with 1% sepiolite (S), 0.25% potassium humate (H-25), 0.50% potassium humate (H-50), 1% sepiolite + 0.25% potassium humate (SH-25) and 1% sepiolite + 0.50% potassium humate (SH-50) added as top-dressed into mixer were used. For each experimental group, a total of 36 tons of pellet concentrates were produced in six batches with 6 tons per batch. The basal pelleted concentrate included 90.29% dry matter, 14.51% crude protein, 11.76% crude fibre and 3.14% ether extract. Results showed that adding sepiolite up to 1% in beef cattle concentrate as top-dressed in mixer reduced moisture losses and improved the durability of pelleted feed. Sepiolite addition also lowered pellet water activity during storage. Adding potassium humate alone up to 0.50% was not enough to improve the pellet quality in terms of durability or water activity. Potassium humate supplementation alone or with sepiolite presented with lower moisture losses than control, and it was more evident during storage. In conclusion, the use of sepiolite in beef cattle concentrates as pellet binder seemed to be providing more durable feed pellets with lower water activity. Promising results were obtained from both the supplements in limiting the moisture losses post- pelleting and storage. Regarding the role of potassium humate as pellet binder in animal feed industry further research is needed. 

Kaynakça

  • 1. Aladaş A (2013): Koyunlarda kırkım öncesi C vitamini ve humik asit uygulamasının kırkım stresini azaltmasındaki etkisinin incelenmesi. Yüksek Lisans Tezi. Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Afyonkarahisar.
  • 2. Alpay Ş (2013): Hümik asit esaslı adsorban maddelerle ağır metal giderimi. Yüksek Lisans Tezi. Gazi Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Ankara.
  • 3. Angulo E, Brufau J, Esteve-Garcia E (1995): Effect of sepiolite on pellet durability in feeds differing in fat and fibre content. Anim Feed Sci Technol, 53, 233-241.
  • 4. Angulo E, Brufau J, Esteve-Garcia E (1996): Effect of a sepiolite product on pellet durability in pig diets differing in particle size and in broiler starter and finisher diets. Anim Feed Sci Technol, 63, 25-34.
  • 5. AOAC (2000): Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists. 17th ed. AOAC International, Maryland, USA.
  • 6. Ayan S, Sıvacıoğlu A, Öner N, et al (2007): Kurak ve yarı kurak alanlarda bitki canlılığını korumada kullanılabilecek toprak ıslah edici materyaller. 183-190. In: Proceedings of Türkiye'de Yarı Kurak Bölgelerde Yapılan Ağaçlandırma ve Erozyon Kontrolü Uygulamalarının Değerlendirilmesi. Nevşehir, Turkey.
  • 7. Başer Ö, Yalçın S (2017): Determination of some quality characteristics in pet foods. Ankara Univ Vet Fak Derg, 64, 21-24.
  • 8. Behnke KC (1994): Factors affecting pellet quality. 44-54. In: Proceedings of Maryland Nutrition Conference. College Park, USA.
  • 9. Behnke KC (2001): Factors influencing pellet quality. Feed Tech, 5, 19-22.
  • 10. Bertipaglia LMA, Fondevila M, Van Laar H, et al (2010): Effect of pelleting and pellet size of a concentrate for intensively reared beef cattle on in vitro fermentation by two different approaches. Anim Feed Sci Technol, 159, 88-95.
  • 11. Bobohm KF (1992): Adjustable roll gap. Benefits to energy demand throughout and pellet durability. Feed International, 13, 30-35.
  • 12. Dawson B, Trapp RG (2001): Basic & Clinical Biostatistics. Lange Medical Book/ McGraw-Hill Medical Publishing Division, New York.
  • 13. EFSA (2013): Scientific opinion on the safety and efficacy of a preparation of bentonite and sepiolite (Toxfin Dry) as feed additive for all species. EFSA J, 11, 3179.
  • 14. Engin VT, Cöcen EI (2012): Leonardit ve humik maddeler. MT Bilimsel, 1, 13-20.
  • 15. Fairchild F, Greer D (1999): Pelleting with precise mixer moisture control. Feed International, 20, 32-36.
  • 16. Gill C (1993): Chemistry for high quality pellets. Or refining the role of binders. Feed International, 14, 10-11.
  • 17. Goering H, Van Soest P (1970): Forage Fiber Analyses (Apparatus, Reagents, Procedures, and Some Applications). U.S. Agricultural Research Service, Washington DC.
  • 18. Griban VG, Stepchenko LM, Zhorina LV (1988): The live weight gain and disease resistance of young cattle and poultry stock as influenced by physiologically active peat preparation. 45-50. In: Proceedings of 8th International Peat Congress. Leningrad, Russia.
  • 19. McKee JW (1988): Effect of wheat gluten on underwater pellet stability of pelleted catfish and shrimp diets. A Master's Thesis. Kansas State University, Manhattan.
  • 20. Qiu GZ, Jiang T, Li HX, et al (2003): Functions and molecular structure of organic binders for iron ore pelletization. Colloid Surf A Physicochem Eng Asp, 224, 11-22.
  • 21. Rakic L (2012): Feed structure: Effects on physical quality of the feed, chemical status of the feed and nutriional consequence. A Master's Thesis. Norwegian University of Life Science, Norway.
  • 22. Reece FN, Lott BD, Deaton JW (1986): Effects of environmental temperature and corn particle size on response of broilers to pelleted feed. Poult Sci, 65, 636-641.
  • 23. Richardson W, Day EJ (1976): Effect of varying levels of added fat in broiler diets on pellet quality. Feedstuffs, 48, 24.
  • 24. Schoeff RW (1994): History of the Formula Feed Industry. 2-11. In: RR McEllhiney (Ed), Feed Manufacturing Technology IV. American Feed Industry Association, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
  • 25. Shi Y, Parker DB, Cole NA, et al (2001): Surface amendments to minimize ammonia emissions from beef cattle feedlots. Amer Soc Agric Eng, 44, 677-682.
  • 26. Thomas M, Van Vliet T, Van der Poel AFB (1998): Physical quality of pelleted animal feed. 3. Contribution of feedstuff components. Anim Feed Sci Technol, 70, 59-78.
  • 27. TKI-Humas (2016): TKİ-Hümas, Türkiye Kömür İşletmeleri Kurumu Genel Müdürlüğü Arge Dairesi Başkanlığı. Available at www.tkihumas.gov.tr. (Accessed June 12, 2019).
  • 28. Wood JF (1987): The functional properties of feed raw materials and their effect on the production and quality of feed pellets. Anim Feed Sci Technol, 18, 1-17.
  • 29. Yalçın S, Yalçın S, Gebeş ES, et al (2017): Sepiolite as a feed supplement for broilers. Appl Clay Sci, 148, 95-102.
  • 30. Yalçın S, Çıvracı S, Burçak E, et al (2018a): Effects of usage of sepiolite in layer diet on pellet quality and pellet production parameters. Kocatepe Vet J, 11, 134-139.
  • 31. Yalçın S, Onbaşılar I, Escribano F, et al (2018b): Broyler büyütme yeminde sepiyolitin su ile birlikte kullanımının pelet kalitesi ve üretim parametreleri üzerine etkisi. Vet Hekim Der Derg, 89, 25-31.
  • 32. Yalçın S, Burçak E, Onbaşılar İ, et al (2019a): Improvement in pellet production parameters and pellet quality characteristics with sepiolite supplementation in dairy cattle concentrate. Kafkas Univ Vet Fak Derg, 25, 119-123.
  • 33. Yalçın S, Burçak E, Onbaşılar İ, et al (2019b): Effects of sepiolite supplementation to dairy concentrate on pellet quality characteristics. JOAAT, 6, 119-123.
  • 34. Yörük MA, Laçin E, Hayırlı A, et al (2008): Humat ve prebiyotiklerin farklı yerleşim sıklığında yetiştirilen Japon bıldırcınlarında verim özellikleri, yumurta kalitesi ve kan parametrelerine etkisi. YYÜ Vet Fak Derg, 19, 15-22.
  • 35. Zhou Y, Kawatra SK (2017): Pelletization using humic substance-based binder. Min Proc Ext Met Rev, 38, 83-91.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Veteriner Hekimlik
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Sakine YALÇIN> (Sorumlu Yazar)
Ankara University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Animal Nutrition and Nutritional Diseases
0000-0001-8640-2729
Türkiye


Tuğba KARAKAN Bu kişi benim
Ankara University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Animal Nutrition and Nutritional Diseases
0000-0001-8868-5291
Türkiye


Muhammad Shazaib RAMAY>
Ankara University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Animal Nutrition and Nutritional Diseases
0000-0002-7061-0483
Türkiye


İsmail SARICAN Bu kişi benim
Kamer Feed Manufacturing and Marketing Company,
0000-0002-2289-7483
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 26 Aralık 2019
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2020, Cilt 67, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { auvfd601391, journal = {Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi}, issn = {1300-0861}, eissn = {1308-2817}, address = {}, publisher = {Ankara Üniversitesi}, year = {2019}, volume = {67}, number = {1}, pages = {81 - 86}, doi = {10.33988/auvfd.601391}, title = {Effects of supplementation of sepiolite and humate to beef cattle concentrate on pellet quality characteristics}, key = {cite}, author = {Yalçın, Sakine and Karakan, Tuğba and Ramay, Muhammad Shazaib and Sarıcan, İsmail} }
APA Yalçın, S. , Karakan, T. , Ramay, M. S. & Sarıcan, İ. (2019). Effects of supplementation of sepiolite and humate to beef cattle concentrate on pellet quality characteristics . Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi , 67 (1) , 81-86 . DOI: 10.33988/auvfd.601391
MLA Yalçın, S. , Karakan, T. , Ramay, M. S. , Sarıcan, İ. "Effects of supplementation of sepiolite and humate to beef cattle concentrate on pellet quality characteristics" . Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 67 (2019 ): 81-86 <http://vetjournal.ankara.edu.tr/tr/pub/issue/48774/601391>
Chicago Yalçın, S. , Karakan, T. , Ramay, M. S. , Sarıcan, İ. "Effects of supplementation of sepiolite and humate to beef cattle concentrate on pellet quality characteristics". Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 67 (2019 ): 81-86
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of supplementation of sepiolite and humate to beef cattle concentrate on pellet quality characteristics AU - SakineYalçın, TuğbaKarakan, Muhammad ShazaibRamay, İsmailSarıcan Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.33988/auvfd.601391 DO - 10.33988/auvfd.601391 T2 - Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 81 EP - 86 VL - 67 IS - 1 SN - 1300-0861-1308-2817 M3 - doi: 10.33988/auvfd.601391 UR - https://doi.org/10.33988/auvfd.601391 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi Effects of supplementation of sepiolite and humate to beef cattle concentrate on pellet quality characteristics %A Sakine Yalçın , Tuğba Karakan , Muhammad Shazaib Ramay , İsmail Sarıcan %T Effects of supplementation of sepiolite and humate to beef cattle concentrate on pellet quality characteristics %D 2019 %J Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi %P 1300-0861-1308-2817 %V 67 %N 1 %R doi: 10.33988/auvfd.601391 %U 10.33988/auvfd.601391
ISNAD Yalçın, Sakine , Karakan, Tuğba , Ramay, Muhammad Shazaib , Sarıcan, İsmail . "Effects of supplementation of sepiolite and humate to beef cattle concentrate on pellet quality characteristics". Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 67 / 1 (Aralık 2019): 81-86 . https://doi.org/10.33988/auvfd.601391
AMA Yalçın S. , Karakan T. , Ramay M. S. , Sarıcan İ. Effects of supplementation of sepiolite and humate to beef cattle concentrate on pellet quality characteristics. Ankara Univ Vet Fak Derg. 2019; 67(1): 81-86.
Vancouver Yalçın S. , Karakan T. , Ramay M. S. , Sarıcan İ. Effects of supplementation of sepiolite and humate to beef cattle concentrate on pellet quality characteristics. Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi. 2019; 67(1): 81-86.
IEEE S. Yalçın , T. Karakan , M. S. Ramay ve İ. Sarıcan , "Effects of supplementation of sepiolite and humate to beef cattle concentrate on pellet quality characteristics", Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, c. 67, sayı. 1, ss. 81-86, Ara. 2019, doi:10.33988/auvfd.601391