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First Case of Chronic Systemic Spironucleosis in Freshwater Angelfish (Pterophyllum scalare Schultze, 1823) in Turkey

Yıl 2022, 1 - 18, 31.12.2022
https://doi.org/10.33988/auvfd.1101571

Öz

This study aimed to identify the cause of sustained mortality in freshwater angelfish (Pterophyllum scalare Schultze, 1823) kept at an ornamental fish production facility in Turkey. Parasitological, bacteriological and histopathological examination were performed on moribund hybrid angelfish individuals. The moribund fish had haemorrhaged eyes, darkened skin, scale loss, ascites and false faeces. A pale liver, splenomegaly and a thinning of the intestinal wall were observed internally. The parasitological examination revealed flagellated protozoan endoparasite Spironucleus sp. in the intestine. A number of histopathological changes were observed including lipid degeneration in the liver, hemosiderin deposits as well as granulomas in the spleen, a large number of mast cells in the lamina propria of the intestine and enteritis. Numerous Spironucleus sp. parasites were seen in the intestinal wall. According to physiological and biochemical tests, the bacterial isolates obtained from the visceral organs of some fish were identified as Citrobacter freundii. After oral metronidazole treatment, with a dose of 50 mg/kg fish daily for 5 days, a decrease in fish mortality and resumed feeding were noted. A chronic spironucleosis, which systematically affects fish by penetrating the intestinal mucosa, was identified as the cause of this sustained mortality in freshwater angelfish.

Kaynakça

  • 1Raja K, Aanand P, Padmavathy S, et al (2019): Present and future market trends of Indian ornamental fish sector. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies, 7(2), 06-15.
  • Garcia-Ulloa M, Gomez-Romero HJ (2005): Growth of angel fish Pterophyllum scalare (Gunther, 1862) juveniles fed inert diets. Rev. Avances de Investigación Agropecuaria, 9(3), 49-60.
  • Ortega-Salas AA, Cortes GI, Reyes-Bustamante H (2009): Fecundity, growth, and survival of the angelfish Pterophyllum scalare (Perciformes: Cichlidae) under laboratory conditions. Revista de Biología Tropical, International Journal of Trophical Biology and Conservation, 57(3), 741- 747.
  • Vlachos N, Mente E, Hotos GN, et al (2008): Commercial production of Pterophyllum scalare (CN: Angelfish, Pisces Ciclidae) in Aquarium. In: 4th International Congress on Aquaculture, Fisheries Technology and Environmental Management. Athens, Greece.
  • Rodger HD, Kobs M, Macartney A, et al (1997): Systemic iridovirus infection in freshwater angelfish, Pterophyllum scalare (Lichtenstein). Journal of Fish Diseases , 20, 69–72.
  • O'Brien GM, Ostland VE, Ferguson HW (1993): Spironucleus-associated necrotic enteritis in angelfish (Pterophyllum scalare). Can Vet J Volume, 34, 301-303.
  • Mo TA, Poppe T, Iversen L (1990): Systemic hexamitosis in salt-water reared Atlantic salmon. Bull Eur Assoc Fish Pathol 10: 69.
  • Williams C.F., Lloyd D., Poynton S.L., et al (2011): Spironucleus species: Economically-Important Fish Pathogens and Enigmatic Single-Celled Eukaryotes. J Aquac Res Development S2:002. doi:10.4172/2155-9546.S2-002
  • Sterud E, Mo TA, Poppe TT (1998): Systemic spironucleosis in sea-farmed Atlantic Salmon Salmo salar, caused by Spironucleus barkhanus transmitted from feral Arctic char Salvelinus alpinus? Dis Aquat Org, 33, 63-66.
  • Jørgensen A, Sterud E (2006): The marine pathogenic genotype of Spironucleus barkhanus from farmed salmonids redescribed as Spironucleus salmonicida n. sp. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology, 53(6), 531-541.
  • Jørgensen A, Torp K, Bjørland MA, et al (2011): Wild Arctic char Salvelinus alpinus and trout Salmo trutta: host and reservoir of the salmonid pathogen Spironucleus salmonicida (Diplomonadida; Hexamitidae). Dis Aquat Org, 97, 57-63.
  • Poynton SL, Morrison CM (1990): Morphology of diplomonad flagellates: Spironucleus torosa n. sp. from Atlantic God Gadus morhua L., and haddock Melanogrammus aeglefinus (L.) and Hexamita salmonis Moore from brook trout Salvelinus fontinalis (Mitchill). J Protozool, 37, 369-383.
  • Kent ML, Ellis J, Fournie JW, et al (1992): Systemic hexamitid infection in seawater pen-reared chinook salmon. Dis Aquat Org, 14, 81-89.
  • Sterud E (1998): Electron microscopical identification of the flagellate Spironucleus torosa (Hexamitidae) from burbot Lota lota (Gadidae) with comments upon its probable introduction to this freshwater host. J Parasitol, 84, 947-953.
  • Kulda J, Lom J (1964): Spironucleus elegans Lavier, parasite of fish. Cesk Parasitol, 11, 187-192.
  • Sterud E, Poynton SL (2002): Spironucleus vortens (Diplomonadida) in the ide, Leuciscus idus (L.) (Cyprinidae): a warm water hexamitid flagellate found in north Europe. J Eukaryot Microbiol, 49, 137-145.
  • Poynton SL, Fraser W, Francis-Floyd R et al (1995): Spironucleus vortens n. sp. from the freshwater angelfish Pterophyllum scalare morphology and culture. J Eukaryot Microbiol, 42, 731-742.
  • Ürkü Ç, Yardımcı RE (2013): Melek baliklarinda (Pterophyllum scalare) Capilaria sp. enfestasyonu ve bakteriyel septisemi. Journal of FisheriesSciences.com, 7(3), 232-240.
  • Kayış Ş, Balta F, Serezli R, et al (2013): Parasites on different ornamental fish species in Turkey. J FisheriesSciences.com, 7(2), 114-120.
  • Turgay E (2020): Edwardsiellosis in freshwater angelfish (Pterophyllum scalare). The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture - Bamidgeh, IJA.72.2020.1167548.
  • Noga EJ (2010): Fish Disease: Diagnosis and Treatment. Second edition, Iowa State University Press, Iowa, 99-058466. 22. Drury RAB, Wallington EA (1980): Carleton’s Histological Technique. Fifth edition, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-261310-3.
  • CLSI (2009): Clinical and Laboratory Standard Institute, Performance Standards for Antimicrobial Disk Susceptibility Test, Approved standard M2-A10.
  • Wootten R (2012): The Parasitology of Teleosts. In: Fish Pathology. 4th Edition. Ed. By R. Roberts, Wiley–Blackwell London. ISBN: 978-1-444-33282-7
  • Poynton SL, Sterud E (2002): Guidelines for species descriptions of diplomonad flagellates from fish. Journal of Fish Disease, 25, 15–31.
  • Sangmaneedet S, Smith SA (1999): Efficacy of various chemotherapeutic agents on the growth of Spironucleus vortens, an intestinal parasite of the freshwater angelfish. Dis Aquat Organ, 38, 47-52.
  • Puk K, Guz L (2014): Effects of medical plant extracts on the growth of the fish parasite Spironucleus vortens. Med Weter, 70(3), 165-168.
  • Diler Ö, Görmez Ö, Terzioğlu S, et al (2018): Gökkuşağı Alabalığı (Oncorhynchus mykiss) Yetiştiriciliğinde Görülen Spironucleosis Enfeksiyonlarının Tedavisinde Artemisia campestris (L)’in Kullanımı. Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Eğirdir Su Ürünleri Fakültesi Dergisi, 14(4), 312-323.
  • Balta F, Dengiz Balta Z (2018): Identification and Treatment of Hexamitiasis Observed in Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) Fry. Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences, 3(1), 4-8.
  • Gallani SU, Sebastiao FA, Valladao GMR, et al (2016): Pathogenesis of mixed infection by Spironucleus sp. and Citrobacter freundii in freshwater angelfish Pterophyllum scalare. Microbial Pathogenesis, 100, 119-123.

Yıl 2022, 1 - 18, 31.12.2022
https://doi.org/10.33988/auvfd.1101571

Öz

Kaynakça

  • 1Raja K, Aanand P, Padmavathy S, et al (2019): Present and future market trends of Indian ornamental fish sector. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies, 7(2), 06-15.
  • Garcia-Ulloa M, Gomez-Romero HJ (2005): Growth of angel fish Pterophyllum scalare (Gunther, 1862) juveniles fed inert diets. Rev. Avances de Investigación Agropecuaria, 9(3), 49-60.
  • Ortega-Salas AA, Cortes GI, Reyes-Bustamante H (2009): Fecundity, growth, and survival of the angelfish Pterophyllum scalare (Perciformes: Cichlidae) under laboratory conditions. Revista de Biología Tropical, International Journal of Trophical Biology and Conservation, 57(3), 741- 747.
  • Vlachos N, Mente E, Hotos GN, et al (2008): Commercial production of Pterophyllum scalare (CN: Angelfish, Pisces Ciclidae) in Aquarium. In: 4th International Congress on Aquaculture, Fisheries Technology and Environmental Management. Athens, Greece.
  • Rodger HD, Kobs M, Macartney A, et al (1997): Systemic iridovirus infection in freshwater angelfish, Pterophyllum scalare (Lichtenstein). Journal of Fish Diseases , 20, 69–72.
  • O'Brien GM, Ostland VE, Ferguson HW (1993): Spironucleus-associated necrotic enteritis in angelfish (Pterophyllum scalare). Can Vet J Volume, 34, 301-303.
  • Mo TA, Poppe T, Iversen L (1990): Systemic hexamitosis in salt-water reared Atlantic salmon. Bull Eur Assoc Fish Pathol 10: 69.
  • Williams C.F., Lloyd D., Poynton S.L., et al (2011): Spironucleus species: Economically-Important Fish Pathogens and Enigmatic Single-Celled Eukaryotes. J Aquac Res Development S2:002. doi:10.4172/2155-9546.S2-002
  • Sterud E, Mo TA, Poppe TT (1998): Systemic spironucleosis in sea-farmed Atlantic Salmon Salmo salar, caused by Spironucleus barkhanus transmitted from feral Arctic char Salvelinus alpinus? Dis Aquat Org, 33, 63-66.
  • Jørgensen A, Sterud E (2006): The marine pathogenic genotype of Spironucleus barkhanus from farmed salmonids redescribed as Spironucleus salmonicida n. sp. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology, 53(6), 531-541.
  • Jørgensen A, Torp K, Bjørland MA, et al (2011): Wild Arctic char Salvelinus alpinus and trout Salmo trutta: host and reservoir of the salmonid pathogen Spironucleus salmonicida (Diplomonadida; Hexamitidae). Dis Aquat Org, 97, 57-63.
  • Poynton SL, Morrison CM (1990): Morphology of diplomonad flagellates: Spironucleus torosa n. sp. from Atlantic God Gadus morhua L., and haddock Melanogrammus aeglefinus (L.) and Hexamita salmonis Moore from brook trout Salvelinus fontinalis (Mitchill). J Protozool, 37, 369-383.
  • Kent ML, Ellis J, Fournie JW, et al (1992): Systemic hexamitid infection in seawater pen-reared chinook salmon. Dis Aquat Org, 14, 81-89.
  • Sterud E (1998): Electron microscopical identification of the flagellate Spironucleus torosa (Hexamitidae) from burbot Lota lota (Gadidae) with comments upon its probable introduction to this freshwater host. J Parasitol, 84, 947-953.
  • Kulda J, Lom J (1964): Spironucleus elegans Lavier, parasite of fish. Cesk Parasitol, 11, 187-192.
  • Sterud E, Poynton SL (2002): Spironucleus vortens (Diplomonadida) in the ide, Leuciscus idus (L.) (Cyprinidae): a warm water hexamitid flagellate found in north Europe. J Eukaryot Microbiol, 49, 137-145.
  • Poynton SL, Fraser W, Francis-Floyd R et al (1995): Spironucleus vortens n. sp. from the freshwater angelfish Pterophyllum scalare morphology and culture. J Eukaryot Microbiol, 42, 731-742.
  • Ürkü Ç, Yardımcı RE (2013): Melek baliklarinda (Pterophyllum scalare) Capilaria sp. enfestasyonu ve bakteriyel septisemi. Journal of FisheriesSciences.com, 7(3), 232-240.
  • Kayış Ş, Balta F, Serezli R, et al (2013): Parasites on different ornamental fish species in Turkey. J FisheriesSciences.com, 7(2), 114-120.
  • Turgay E (2020): Edwardsiellosis in freshwater angelfish (Pterophyllum scalare). The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture - Bamidgeh, IJA.72.2020.1167548.
  • Noga EJ (2010): Fish Disease: Diagnosis and Treatment. Second edition, Iowa State University Press, Iowa, 99-058466. 22. Drury RAB, Wallington EA (1980): Carleton’s Histological Technique. Fifth edition, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-261310-3.
  • CLSI (2009): Clinical and Laboratory Standard Institute, Performance Standards for Antimicrobial Disk Susceptibility Test, Approved standard M2-A10.
  • Wootten R (2012): The Parasitology of Teleosts. In: Fish Pathology. 4th Edition. Ed. By R. Roberts, Wiley–Blackwell London. ISBN: 978-1-444-33282-7
  • Poynton SL, Sterud E (2002): Guidelines for species descriptions of diplomonad flagellates from fish. Journal of Fish Disease, 25, 15–31.
  • Sangmaneedet S, Smith SA (1999): Efficacy of various chemotherapeutic agents on the growth of Spironucleus vortens, an intestinal parasite of the freshwater angelfish. Dis Aquat Organ, 38, 47-52.
  • Puk K, Guz L (2014): Effects of medical plant extracts on the growth of the fish parasite Spironucleus vortens. Med Weter, 70(3), 165-168.
  • Diler Ö, Görmez Ö, Terzioğlu S, et al (2018): Gökkuşağı Alabalığı (Oncorhynchus mykiss) Yetiştiriciliğinde Görülen Spironucleosis Enfeksiyonlarının Tedavisinde Artemisia campestris (L)’in Kullanımı. Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Eğirdir Su Ürünleri Fakültesi Dergisi, 14(4), 312-323.
  • Balta F, Dengiz Balta Z (2018): Identification and Treatment of Hexamitiasis Observed in Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) Fry. Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences, 3(1), 4-8.
  • Gallani SU, Sebastiao FA, Valladao GMR, et al (2016): Pathogenesis of mixed infection by Spironucleus sp. and Citrobacter freundii in freshwater angelfish Pterophyllum scalare. Microbial Pathogenesis, 100, 119-123.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Veteriner Hekimlik
Bölüm Olgu Sunumu
Yazarlar

Remziye Eda YARDIMCI> (Sorumlu Yazar)
İstanbul Üniversitesi Su Bilimleri Fakültesi
0000-0001-7737-8739
Türkiye


Emre TURGAY>
İstanbul Üniversitesi Su Bilimleri Fakültesi Su Ürünleri Yetiştiriciliği ve Hastalıkları Bölümü
0000-0001-9964-3919
Türkiye


Süheyla KARATAŞ STEINUM>
İstanbul Üniversitesi Su Bilimleri Fakültesi Su Ürünleri Yetiştiriciliği ve Hastalıkları Bölümü
0000-0003-2006-7854
Türkiye

Destekleyen Kurum Istanbul University Scientific Research Projects Unit
Proje Numarası 24608
Yayımlanma Tarihi 31 Aralık 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt , Sayı

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @olgu sunumu { auvfd1101571, journal = {Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi}, issn = {1300-0861}, eissn = {1308-2817}, address = {}, publisher = {Ankara Üniversitesi}, year = {2022}, pages = {1 - 18}, doi = {10.33988/auvfd.1101571}, title = {First Case of Chronic Systemic Spironucleosis in Freshwater Angelfish (Pterophyllum scalare Schultze, 1823) in Turkey}, key = {cite}, author = {Yardımcı, Remziye Eda and Turgay, Emre and Karataş Steınum, Süheyla} }
APA Yardımcı, R. E. , Turgay, E. & Karataş Steınum, S. (2022). First Case of Chronic Systemic Spironucleosis in Freshwater Angelfish (Pterophyllum scalare Schultze, 1823) in Turkey . Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi , , 1-18 . DOI: 10.33988/auvfd.1101571
MLA Yardımcı, R. E. , Turgay, E. , Karataş Steınum, S. "First Case of Chronic Systemic Spironucleosis in Freshwater Angelfish (Pterophyllum scalare Schultze, 1823) in Turkey" . Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi (2022 ): 1-18 <http://vetjournal.ankara.edu.tr/tr/pub/issue/48904/1101571>
Chicago Yardımcı, R. E. , Turgay, E. , Karataş Steınum, S. "First Case of Chronic Systemic Spironucleosis in Freshwater Angelfish (Pterophyllum scalare Schultze, 1823) in Turkey". Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi (2022 ): 1-18
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - First Case of Chronic Systemic Spironucleosis in Freshwater Angelfish (Pterophyllum scalare Schultze, 1823) in Turkey AU - Remziye EdaYardımcı, EmreTurgay, SüheylaKarataş Steınum Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - doi: 10.33988/auvfd.1101571 DO - 10.33988/auvfd.1101571 T2 - Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1 EP - 18 VL - IS - SN - 1300-0861-1308-2817 M3 - doi: 10.33988/auvfd.1101571 UR - https://doi.org/10.33988/auvfd.1101571 Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi First Case of Chronic Systemic Spironucleosis in Freshwater Angelfish (Pterophyllum scalare Schultze, 1823) in Turkey %A Remziye Eda Yardımcı , Emre Turgay , Süheyla Karataş Steınum %T First Case of Chronic Systemic Spironucleosis in Freshwater Angelfish (Pterophyllum scalare Schultze, 1823) in Turkey %D 2022 %J Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi %P 1300-0861-1308-2817 %V %N %R doi: 10.33988/auvfd.1101571 %U 10.33988/auvfd.1101571
ISNAD Yardımcı, Remziye Eda , Turgay, Emre , Karataş Steınum, Süheyla . "First Case of Chronic Systemic Spironucleosis in Freshwater Angelfish (Pterophyllum scalare Schultze, 1823) in Turkey". Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi / (Aralık 2022): 1-18 . https://doi.org/10.33988/auvfd.1101571
AMA Yardımcı R. E. , Turgay E. , Karataş Steınum S. First Case of Chronic Systemic Spironucleosis in Freshwater Angelfish (Pterophyllum scalare Schultze, 1823) in Turkey. Ankara Univ Vet Fak Derg. 2022; 1-18.
Vancouver Yardımcı R. E. , Turgay E. , Karataş Steınum S. First Case of Chronic Systemic Spironucleosis in Freshwater Angelfish (Pterophyllum scalare Schultze, 1823) in Turkey. Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi. 2022; 1-18.
IEEE R. E. Yardımcı , E. Turgay ve S. Karataş Steınum , "First Case of Chronic Systemic Spironucleosis in Freshwater Angelfish (Pterophyllum scalare Schultze, 1823) in Turkey", Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, ss. 1-18, Ara. 2022, doi:10.33988/auvfd.1101571