Araştırma Makalesi
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Effects of aromatic plant extract mixture on laying efficiency, egg quality and antioxidant status in laying quails

Yıl 2022, Cilt 69, Sayı 1, 61 - 68, 01.01.2022
https://doi.org/10.33988/auvfd.820825

Öz

This study aimed to evaluate the effects of commercial plant extract mixture added to laying quail rations on performance, egg quality, plasma antioxidant and blood biochemical parameters. In this experiment, 160 Japanese quails aged twelve weeks were equally divided into four groups of 40 (five replicates of 8 quails each). The study included a control and three treatment groups. The treatment groups were as follows: (1) 100 mg/kg aromatic plant extract mixture-group 1; (2) 150 mg/kg aromatic plant extract mixture-group 2 (3) 200 mg/kg aromatic plant extract mixture-group 3, respectively. When examined the egg parameters at the end of the study, significant differences (P<0.05) were found in the parameters of egg weight, Haugh unit (HU), albumen index, egg yolk color and eggshell thickness. Egg weight and eggshell thickness values were measured the highest (P<0.05) in group 1. HU, egg yellow color and albumen index values were found significantly higher (P<0.05) in all experimental groups compared to the control group. Significant differences (P<0.05) were determined in superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) values of plasma antioxidant parameters in the study. In the study, High density lipoprotein (HDL) value, one of the blood (plasma) parameters, was found to be higher (P< 0.001) in the experimental groups. Consequently, we can say that the addition of herbal extract mixture to quail diets increases egg quality and has a positive effect on cholesterol and plasma antioxidant parameters

Kaynakça

  • Agarwal S, Reynolds MA, Pou S, et al (1991): The effect of sanguinarine on human peripheral blood neutrophil viability and functions. J Oral Microbiol, 6, 51-61.
  • Anar S (2016): Yumurta ve Yumurta Ürünleri. Dora Basın Yayın Dağıtım Ltd. Sti. 1st Press, Bursa, Turkey.
  • AOAC (2000): Official methods of analysis. 17th ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, 2000, Maryland. USA.
  • Banerjee BD, Seth V, Koner BC, et al (2000): Evaluation of oxidative stress in some cases of argemone oil poisoning during a recent outbreak of epidemic dropsy in India. Int J Environ Health Res, 10, 341-346.
  • Bavarsadi M, Mahdavi AH, Ansari-Mahyari S, et al (2017): Effects of different levels of sanguinarine on antioxidant indices, immunological responses, ileal microbialcounts and jejunal morphology of laying hens fed diets with different levels of crude protein. J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr, 101, 936-948.
  • Bilal T, Keser O, Abas I (2008): Esansiyel yağların hayvan beslemede kullanılması. Erciyes Üniv Vet Fak Derg, 5, 41-50.
  • Botsoglou N, Florou-Paneri P, Botsoglou E, et al (2005): The effect of feeding rosemary, oregano, saffron and α-tocopheryl acetate on hen performance and oxidative stability of eggs. S Afr J Anim Sci, 35, 143-151.
  • Cengiz SS, Yesilbag D, Meral Y, et al (2015): Juniper oil improves oxidative stability and eggshell and albumin quality of quail eggs. Br Poult Sci, 56, 58-65.
  • Clark AM, Elferaly FS, Li WS (1981): Antimicrobial activity of phenolic constituents of Magnolia grandiflora. J Pharmacol Sci, 70, 951-952.
  • Colombo ML, Bosisio E (1996): Pharmacological activities of Chelidonium majus L. (Papaveraceae). Pharmacol Res, 33, 127-134.
  • Florou-Paneri P, Nikolakakis I, Giannenas I, et al (2005): Hen performance and egg quality as affected by dietary oregano essential oil and α-tocopheryl acetate supplementation. Int J Poult Sci 4, 449-454.
  • Hammerová J, Uldrijan S, Táborská E, et al (2011): Benzo[c] phenanthridine alkaloids exhibit strong anti-proliferative activity in malignant melanoma cells regardless of their p53 status. J Dermatol Sci, 62, 22-35.
  • Ho KY, Tsai CC, Chen CP, et al (2001): Antimicrobial activity of honokiol and magnolol isolated from Magnolia officinalis. Phytother Res, 15, 139-141.
  • Hu NX, Chen M, Liu YS, et al (2019): Pharmacokinetics of sanguinarine, chelerythrine, and their metabolites in broiler chickens following oral and intravenous administration. J Vet Pharmacol Ther, 42, 197-206.
  • Juskiewicz J, Gruzauskas R, Zdunczyk Z, et al (2011): Effects of dietary addition of Macleaya cordata alkaloid extract on growth performance, caecal indices and breast meat fatty acids profile in male broilers. J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr, 95, 171-178.
  • Kantas D, Papatsiros GV, Tassis PD (2015): The effect of a natural feed additive (Macleaya cordata), containing sanguinarine, on the performance and health status of weaning pigs. Anim Sci J, 86, 92-98.
  • Kosina P, Walterova D, Ulrichova J, et al (2003): Sanguinarine and chelerythrine: assessment of safety on pigs in ninety days feeding experiments. Food Chem Toxicol, 42, 85-91.
  • Kosina P, Walterova D, Ulrichova J, et al (2003): Sanguinarine and chelerythrine: assessment of safety on pigs in ninety days feeding experiments. Food Chem Toxicol 42, 85-91.
  • Kozlowski K, Lecewicz A, Jeroch H, et al (2008): Effect of a phytogenic feed additive from Macleaya cordata on performance and carcass parameters of broilers. Arch Geflugelkd, 72, 140-142.
  • Kuribara H, Kishi E, Hattori N, et al (2010): The Anxiolytic Effect of Two Oriental Herbal Drugs in Japan Attributed to Honokiol from Magnolia Bark. J Pharm Pharmacol, 52, 1425-1429.
  • Leeson S, Summers JD (2001): Nutrition of the chicken. 4th ed. University Books, Guelph.
  • Lima TRF, Gallo SB, Rosa AF, et al (2020): Effect of Macleaya cordata and Magnolia officinalis plant extractson oxidative stress control in lambs fed a high-concentrate diet. Asian-Australas J Anim Sci, 33, 913-920.
  • Lin Q, Zhao J, Xie K, et al (2017): Magnolol additive as a replacer of antibiotic enhances the growth performance of Linwu ducks. Anim Nutr, 3, 132-138.
  • Liu LL, He JH, Xie HB, et al (2014): Resveratrol induces antioxidant andheatshock protein mRNA expression in response to heat stress in black-boned chickens. Poult Sci, 93, 54-62.
  • Lo YC, Teng CM, Chen CF, et al (1994): Magnolol and Honokiol isolated from Magnolia officinalis protect rat heart mitocondria against lipid peroxidation. Biochem Pharmacol, 47, 549-553.
  • Mahady GB, Beecher CWW (1994): Quercetin-Induced Benzophenanthridine Alkaloid Production in Suspension Cell Cultures of Sanguinaria Canadensis. Planta Med, 60, 553-557.
  • Niu X, Fan T, Li W, et al (2012): The anti-inflammatory effects of sanguinarine and its modulation of inflammatory mediators from peritoneal macrophages. Eur J Pharmacol 689, 262-269.
  • NRC (National Research Council) (1994): Nutrient Requirements of Poultry: Ninth Revised Edition. The National Academics Press, Washington, D.C., USA.
  • Pang YL, Han XF, Bamikole MA, et al (2013): Anti-diarrhea and anti-oxidant properties of Magnolol. Trop J Pharm Res, 12, 85-91.
  • Park EJ, Zhao YZ, Na M, et al (2003): Protective effects of honokiol and magnolol a tertiary butyl hydroperoxide or D- galactosamine induced toxicity in rat primary hepatocytes. Planta Med, 69, 33-37.
  • Oh S, Gadde D, Bravo D, et al (2018): Growth-Promoting and Antioxidant Effects of Magnolia Bark Extract in Chickens Uninfected or Co-Infected with Clostridium perfringens and Eimeria maxima as an Experimental Model of Necrotic Enteritis. Curr Dev Nutr, 2, 1-10.
  • Shen JL, Man KM, Huang PH, et al (2010): Honokiol and magnolol as multifunctional antioxidative molecules for dermatologic disorders. Molecules, 15, 6452-6465.
  • Schmeller T, Wink M (1998): Utilization of Alkaloids in Modern Medicine. Springer, Heidelberg, pp. 435-459.
  • Simsek F (1999): Serbest Oksijen Radikalleri, Antioksidanlar ve Lipit Peroksidasyonu. Türkiye Klinikleri J Pediatr, 8, 42-47.
  • Soysal MI (2012): Biyometrinin Prensipleri. Namık Kemal Üniversitesi Yayınları, Tekirdağ, Turkey.
  • SPSS (1997): Statistical software for Windows version 7.5 Microsoft Windows. SPSS, Chicago, IL.
  • Tan LH, Zhang D, Yu B (2014): Antioxidant activity of the different polar solvent extracts of Magnolia officinalis leaves and purification of main active compounds. Eur Food Res Technol, 240, 815-822.
  • Vieira SL, Oyarzabal OA, Freitas DM, et al (2008): Performance of broilers fed diets supplemented with sanguinarine-like alkaloids and organic acids. J Appl Poult Res, 17, 128-133.
  • Wallace RJ, Oleszek W, Franz C, et al (2010): Dietary plant bioactives for poultry health and productivity. Br Poult Sci, 51, 461-487.
  • Wei YF, Long F, Da-Wen X, et al (2007): Comparison of pharmacological effects between different extracts of the leaf and bark of Magnolia officinalis. Nat Prod Res Dev, 19, 772-775.
  • Wen C, Gu Y, Tao Z, et al (2019): Effects of ginger extract on laying performance, egg quality, and antioxidant status of laying hens. Animals, 9, 1-9.
  • Windisch W, Schedle K, Plitzner C, et al (2008): Use of phytogenic products as feed additives for swine and poultry. J Anim Sci, 86, 140-148.
  • Yesilbag D (2007): Fitobiyotikler. J Res Vet Med, 26, 33-39.
  • Yesilbag D, Gezen SS, Biricik H, et al (2013): Effects of dietary rosemary and oregano volatile oil mixture on quail performance, egg traits and egg oxidative stability of eggs in laying quails. Br Poult Sci, 54, 231-237.
  • Yesilbag D, Cetin I, Balci F, et al (2020): Effects of dietary supplementation of two commercial plant Extracts on the growth performance and ileal inflammation score in broiler chickens. Acta Vet Eurasia, 46, 68-74.
  • Zhang C, Kang X, Zhang T, et al (2019): Positive effects of resveratrol on egg-laying ability, egg quality and antioxidant activity in hens. Poult Sci, 28, 1099-1105.

Yıl 2022, Cilt 69, Sayı 1, 61 - 68, 01.01.2022
https://doi.org/10.33988/auvfd.820825

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Agarwal S, Reynolds MA, Pou S, et al (1991): The effect of sanguinarine on human peripheral blood neutrophil viability and functions. J Oral Microbiol, 6, 51-61.
  • Anar S (2016): Yumurta ve Yumurta Ürünleri. Dora Basın Yayın Dağıtım Ltd. Sti. 1st Press, Bursa, Turkey.
  • AOAC (2000): Official methods of analysis. 17th ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, 2000, Maryland. USA.
  • Banerjee BD, Seth V, Koner BC, et al (2000): Evaluation of oxidative stress in some cases of argemone oil poisoning during a recent outbreak of epidemic dropsy in India. Int J Environ Health Res, 10, 341-346.
  • Bavarsadi M, Mahdavi AH, Ansari-Mahyari S, et al (2017): Effects of different levels of sanguinarine on antioxidant indices, immunological responses, ileal microbialcounts and jejunal morphology of laying hens fed diets with different levels of crude protein. J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr, 101, 936-948.
  • Bilal T, Keser O, Abas I (2008): Esansiyel yağların hayvan beslemede kullanılması. Erciyes Üniv Vet Fak Derg, 5, 41-50.
  • Botsoglou N, Florou-Paneri P, Botsoglou E, et al (2005): The effect of feeding rosemary, oregano, saffron and α-tocopheryl acetate on hen performance and oxidative stability of eggs. S Afr J Anim Sci, 35, 143-151.
  • Cengiz SS, Yesilbag D, Meral Y, et al (2015): Juniper oil improves oxidative stability and eggshell and albumin quality of quail eggs. Br Poult Sci, 56, 58-65.
  • Clark AM, Elferaly FS, Li WS (1981): Antimicrobial activity of phenolic constituents of Magnolia grandiflora. J Pharmacol Sci, 70, 951-952.
  • Colombo ML, Bosisio E (1996): Pharmacological activities of Chelidonium majus L. (Papaveraceae). Pharmacol Res, 33, 127-134.
  • Florou-Paneri P, Nikolakakis I, Giannenas I, et al (2005): Hen performance and egg quality as affected by dietary oregano essential oil and α-tocopheryl acetate supplementation. Int J Poult Sci 4, 449-454.
  • Hammerová J, Uldrijan S, Táborská E, et al (2011): Benzo[c] phenanthridine alkaloids exhibit strong anti-proliferative activity in malignant melanoma cells regardless of their p53 status. J Dermatol Sci, 62, 22-35.
  • Ho KY, Tsai CC, Chen CP, et al (2001): Antimicrobial activity of honokiol and magnolol isolated from Magnolia officinalis. Phytother Res, 15, 139-141.
  • Hu NX, Chen M, Liu YS, et al (2019): Pharmacokinetics of sanguinarine, chelerythrine, and their metabolites in broiler chickens following oral and intravenous administration. J Vet Pharmacol Ther, 42, 197-206.
  • Juskiewicz J, Gruzauskas R, Zdunczyk Z, et al (2011): Effects of dietary addition of Macleaya cordata alkaloid extract on growth performance, caecal indices and breast meat fatty acids profile in male broilers. J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr, 95, 171-178.
  • Kantas D, Papatsiros GV, Tassis PD (2015): The effect of a natural feed additive (Macleaya cordata), containing sanguinarine, on the performance and health status of weaning pigs. Anim Sci J, 86, 92-98.
  • Kosina P, Walterova D, Ulrichova J, et al (2003): Sanguinarine and chelerythrine: assessment of safety on pigs in ninety days feeding experiments. Food Chem Toxicol, 42, 85-91.
  • Kosina P, Walterova D, Ulrichova J, et al (2003): Sanguinarine and chelerythrine: assessment of safety on pigs in ninety days feeding experiments. Food Chem Toxicol 42, 85-91.
  • Kozlowski K, Lecewicz A, Jeroch H, et al (2008): Effect of a phytogenic feed additive from Macleaya cordata on performance and carcass parameters of broilers. Arch Geflugelkd, 72, 140-142.
  • Kuribara H, Kishi E, Hattori N, et al (2010): The Anxiolytic Effect of Two Oriental Herbal Drugs in Japan Attributed to Honokiol from Magnolia Bark. J Pharm Pharmacol, 52, 1425-1429.
  • Leeson S, Summers JD (2001): Nutrition of the chicken. 4th ed. University Books, Guelph.
  • Lima TRF, Gallo SB, Rosa AF, et al (2020): Effect of Macleaya cordata and Magnolia officinalis plant extractson oxidative stress control in lambs fed a high-concentrate diet. Asian-Australas J Anim Sci, 33, 913-920.
  • Lin Q, Zhao J, Xie K, et al (2017): Magnolol additive as a replacer of antibiotic enhances the growth performance of Linwu ducks. Anim Nutr, 3, 132-138.
  • Liu LL, He JH, Xie HB, et al (2014): Resveratrol induces antioxidant andheatshock protein mRNA expression in response to heat stress in black-boned chickens. Poult Sci, 93, 54-62.
  • Lo YC, Teng CM, Chen CF, et al (1994): Magnolol and Honokiol isolated from Magnolia officinalis protect rat heart mitocondria against lipid peroxidation. Biochem Pharmacol, 47, 549-553.
  • Mahady GB, Beecher CWW (1994): Quercetin-Induced Benzophenanthridine Alkaloid Production in Suspension Cell Cultures of Sanguinaria Canadensis. Planta Med, 60, 553-557.
  • Niu X, Fan T, Li W, et al (2012): The anti-inflammatory effects of sanguinarine and its modulation of inflammatory mediators from peritoneal macrophages. Eur J Pharmacol 689, 262-269.
  • NRC (National Research Council) (1994): Nutrient Requirements of Poultry: Ninth Revised Edition. The National Academics Press, Washington, D.C., USA.
  • Pang YL, Han XF, Bamikole MA, et al (2013): Anti-diarrhea and anti-oxidant properties of Magnolol. Trop J Pharm Res, 12, 85-91.
  • Park EJ, Zhao YZ, Na M, et al (2003): Protective effects of honokiol and magnolol a tertiary butyl hydroperoxide or D- galactosamine induced toxicity in rat primary hepatocytes. Planta Med, 69, 33-37.
  • Oh S, Gadde D, Bravo D, et al (2018): Growth-Promoting and Antioxidant Effects of Magnolia Bark Extract in Chickens Uninfected or Co-Infected with Clostridium perfringens and Eimeria maxima as an Experimental Model of Necrotic Enteritis. Curr Dev Nutr, 2, 1-10.
  • Shen JL, Man KM, Huang PH, et al (2010): Honokiol and magnolol as multifunctional antioxidative molecules for dermatologic disorders. Molecules, 15, 6452-6465.
  • Schmeller T, Wink M (1998): Utilization of Alkaloids in Modern Medicine. Springer, Heidelberg, pp. 435-459.
  • Simsek F (1999): Serbest Oksijen Radikalleri, Antioksidanlar ve Lipit Peroksidasyonu. Türkiye Klinikleri J Pediatr, 8, 42-47.
  • Soysal MI (2012): Biyometrinin Prensipleri. Namık Kemal Üniversitesi Yayınları, Tekirdağ, Turkey.
  • SPSS (1997): Statistical software for Windows version 7.5 Microsoft Windows. SPSS, Chicago, IL.
  • Tan LH, Zhang D, Yu B (2014): Antioxidant activity of the different polar solvent extracts of Magnolia officinalis leaves and purification of main active compounds. Eur Food Res Technol, 240, 815-822.
  • Vieira SL, Oyarzabal OA, Freitas DM, et al (2008): Performance of broilers fed diets supplemented with sanguinarine-like alkaloids and organic acids. J Appl Poult Res, 17, 128-133.
  • Wallace RJ, Oleszek W, Franz C, et al (2010): Dietary plant bioactives for poultry health and productivity. Br Poult Sci, 51, 461-487.
  • Wei YF, Long F, Da-Wen X, et al (2007): Comparison of pharmacological effects between different extracts of the leaf and bark of Magnolia officinalis. Nat Prod Res Dev, 19, 772-775.
  • Wen C, Gu Y, Tao Z, et al (2019): Effects of ginger extract on laying performance, egg quality, and antioxidant status of laying hens. Animals, 9, 1-9.
  • Windisch W, Schedle K, Plitzner C, et al (2008): Use of phytogenic products as feed additives for swine and poultry. J Anim Sci, 86, 140-148.
  • Yesilbag D (2007): Fitobiyotikler. J Res Vet Med, 26, 33-39.
  • Yesilbag D, Gezen SS, Biricik H, et al (2013): Effects of dietary rosemary and oregano volatile oil mixture on quail performance, egg traits and egg oxidative stability of eggs in laying quails. Br Poult Sci, 54, 231-237.
  • Yesilbag D, Cetin I, Balci F, et al (2020): Effects of dietary supplementation of two commercial plant Extracts on the growth performance and ileal inflammation score in broiler chickens. Acta Vet Eurasia, 46, 68-74.
  • Zhang C, Kang X, Zhang T, et al (2019): Positive effects of resveratrol on egg-laying ability, egg quality and antioxidant activity in hens. Poult Sci, 28, 1099-1105.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Veteriner Hekimlik
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Deniz KARAKCI
NAMIK KEMAL UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF VETERINARY
0000-0002-1884-1874
Türkiye


İsmail ÇETİN
NAMIK KEMAL UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF VETERINARY
0000-0001-7589-4852
Türkiye


Ece ÇETİN
NAMIK KEMAL UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF VETERINARY
0000-0002-8783-5507
Türkiye


Derya YEŞİLBAĞ (Sorumlu Yazar)
Bursa Uludağ Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi
0000-0003-1816-2684
Türkiye

Destekleyen Kurum Tekirdag Namık Kemal University Scientific Research Unit Grant.
Proje Numarası Project No: NKUBAP.10.GA.19.212
Teşekkür We would like to thank Yem-Vit® company for providing the feed additive we used in our study.
Yayımlanma Tarihi 1 Ocak 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 69, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { auvfd820825, journal = {Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {1308-2817}, address = {}, publisher = {Ankara Üniversitesi}, year = {2022}, volume = {69}, pages = {61 - 68}, doi = {10.33988/auvfd.820825}, title = {Effects of aromatic plant extract mixture on laying efficiency, egg quality and antioxidant status in laying quails}, key = {cite}, author = {Karakcı, Deniz and Çetin, İsmail and Çetin, Ece and Yeşilbağ, Derya} }
APA Karakcı, D. , Çetin, İ. , Çetin, E. & Yeşilbağ, D. (2022). Effects of aromatic plant extract mixture on laying efficiency, egg quality and antioxidant status in laying quails . Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi , 69 (1) , 61-68 . DOI: 10.33988/auvfd.820825
MLA Karakcı, D. , Çetin, İ. , Çetin, E. , Yeşilbağ, D. "Effects of aromatic plant extract mixture on laying efficiency, egg quality and antioxidant status in laying quails" . Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 69 (2022 ): 61-68 <http://vetjournal.ankara.edu.tr/tr/pub/issue/67711/820825>
Chicago Karakcı, D. , Çetin, İ. , Çetin, E. , Yeşilbağ, D. "Effects of aromatic plant extract mixture on laying efficiency, egg quality and antioxidant status in laying quails". Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 69 (2022 ): 61-68
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of aromatic plant extract mixture on laying efficiency, egg quality and antioxidant status in laying quails AU - Deniz Karakcı , İsmail Çetin , Ece Çetin , Derya Yeşilbağ Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - doi: 10.33988/auvfd.820825 DO - 10.33988/auvfd.820825 T2 - Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 61 EP - 68 VL - 69 IS - 1 SN - -1308-2817 M3 - doi: 10.33988/auvfd.820825 UR - https://doi.org/10.33988/auvfd.820825 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi Effects of aromatic plant extract mixture on laying efficiency, egg quality and antioxidant status in laying quails %A Deniz Karakcı , İsmail Çetin , Ece Çetin , Derya Yeşilbağ %T Effects of aromatic plant extract mixture on laying efficiency, egg quality and antioxidant status in laying quails %D 2022 %J Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi %P -1308-2817 %V 69 %N 1 %R doi: 10.33988/auvfd.820825 %U 10.33988/auvfd.820825
ISNAD Karakcı, Deniz , Çetin, İsmail , Çetin, Ece , Yeşilbağ, Derya . "Effects of aromatic plant extract mixture on laying efficiency, egg quality and antioxidant status in laying quails". Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 69 / 1 (Ocak 2022): 61-68 . https://doi.org/10.33988/auvfd.820825
AMA Karakcı D. , Çetin İ. , Çetin E. , Yeşilbağ D. Effects of aromatic plant extract mixture on laying efficiency, egg quality and antioxidant status in laying quails. Ankara Univ Vet Fak Derg. 2022; 69(1): 61-68.
Vancouver Karakcı D. , Çetin İ. , Çetin E. , Yeşilbağ D. Effects of aromatic plant extract mixture on laying efficiency, egg quality and antioxidant status in laying quails. Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi. 2022; 69(1): 61-68.
IEEE D. Karakcı , İ. Çetin , E. Çetin ve D. Yeşilbağ , "Effects of aromatic plant extract mixture on laying efficiency, egg quality and antioxidant status in laying quails", Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, c. 69, sayı. 1, ss. 61-68, Oca. 2022, doi:10.33988/auvfd.820825