Araştırma Makalesi
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An evaluation of the efficiency of beekeeping enterprises in Turkey: The case of Mersin City

Yıl 2022, Cilt 69, Sayı 3, 329 - 336, 30.06.2022
https://doi.org/10.33988/auvfd.865840

Öz

Beekeeping contributes significantly to both beekeeping enterprises and the country's economy, as it provides jobs, income, and nutrition for the rural population of developing countries. Mersin City is an essential region for beekeeping, both in terms of honey production and migratory beekeeping in Turkey. In this study, the efficiency of beekeeping enterprises was revealed, and the factors causing inefficiency were examined. The efficiency measure of enterprises was determined using data envelopment analysis (DEA). According to the findings obtained, beekeeping enterprises' technical efficiency, allocation efficiency, and economic efficiency were calculated as 0.89, 0.84, and 0.81, respectively. The economic efficiency score showed that inefficient enterprises could effectively reduce their production costs by 19%. When the factors causing inefficiency are examined, it is revealed that income per hive, subsidy rate, and credit use have adverse effects on efficiency, education level, experience, number of honey frames used per hive, and migratory beekeeping effects. According to the results, it is thought that increasing education and extension activities, improving marketing opportunities, legal regulations in using agricultural credits, and extending consultancy services can also help to increase economic efficiency in the research field.

Kaynakça

  • Abdul-Malik A, Mohammed A (2012): Technical efficiency of beekeeping farmers in Tolon-Kumbungu district of Northern region of Ghana. J Dev Agric Econ, 4, 304-310.
  • Aburime IL, Omotesho OA, Ibrahim HY (2006): An analysis of technical efficiency of beekeeping farms in Oyo state, Nigeria. Eur J Soc Sci, 4, 1-8.
  • Aksoy A, Ertürk YE, Eyturan, E, et al (2018): Estimation of Honey Production in Beekeeping Enterprises from Eastern Part of Turkey Through Some Data Mining Algorithms. Pakistan J of Zoo, 50, 2200-2207.
  • Al-Ghamdi AA, Adgaba N, Herab AH, et al (2017): Comparative analysis of profitability of honey production using traditional and box hives. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 24, 1075–1080.
  • Aydın B, Aktürk D, Arsoy D (2020): Economic and Efficiency Analysis of Beekeeping Activity in Turkey: Case of Çanakkale Province. Veterinary Journal of Ankara University, 67, 23-32.
  • Barlovic N, Kezic J, Benedic ON, et al (2009): Economic efficiency of beekeeping in Croatia. Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus, 74, 51-54.
  • Borum AE (2017): A study of beekeeping survey in Southern Marmara region of Turkey. U Bee J, 17, 24-34.
  • Ceyhan V, Canan S, Yıldırım Ç, et al (2017): Economic structure and services efficiency of Turkish Beekeepers’ Association. Eur J Sustain Dev, 6, 53-64.
  • Coelli TJ (1996): A guide to DEAP Version 2.1: a data envelopment analysis (Computer) program, CEPA Working Paper, No. 8/96, ISBN 1 86389 4969, Department of Econometrics, University of New England, p. 49.
  • Coelli TJ, Rao DSP, Battese GE (1998): An Introduction to Efficiency and Productivity Analysis. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston.
  • Cooper WW, Seiford LM, Tone K (2006): Introduction to DEA and its uses with DEA-Solver software and references. New York: Springer.
  • Emir M (2015): Exploring the socio-economic structure of beekeepers and their production efficiency in Turkey. PhD Thesis. Ondokuz Mayis University Department of Agricultural Economics, Samsun.
  • Farrell MJ (1957): The Measurement of Productive Efficiency. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, 120, 253–281.
  • Fıratlı Ç, Karacaoğlu M, Gençer H, et al (2010): Structural analysis of beekeeping Turkey. In Proceedings of Turkey Agricultural Engineering VII. Technical Congress (pp. 707-717). Ankara, Turkey.
  • Gujarati DN (1999): Basic Econometrics. 2nd Edition, Mc Graw Hill. Literatür Publishing, İstanbul.
  • Güler A, Demir M (2005): Beekeeping potential in Turkey. Bee World, 86, 114-118.
  • Gürer B, Akyol E (2018): An empirical analysis of technical efficiency determinants in beekeeping farms: evidence and policy implications from Niğde Province, Turkey. JAEID, 112, 343-359.
  • Karadas K, Kadirhanogullari IH (2017): Predicting honey production using data mining and artificial neural network algorithms in apiculture. Pakistan J Zool, 49, 1611-1619.
  • Kaya U, Gürcan S (2021): An evaluation of the efficiency of beekeeping enterprises in Hatay province with data envelopment analysis. Ankara Univ Vet Fak Derg, Available at http://vetjournal.ankara.edu.tr/tr/pub/issue/ 48904/754619 (Accessed January 14, 2021).
  • Kosoğlu M, Yucel B, Ozsoy N, et al (2017): Effects of Queen Bee on Colony Development and Management Economy in Turkish Beekeeping. Turkish Journal of Agricultural Economics, 23, 55–60.
  • Makri P, Papanagiotou P, Papanagiotou E (2015): Efficiency and economic analysis of Greek beekeeping farms. Bulg J Agric Sci, 21, 479-484.
  • Ören N, Alemdar T, Parlakay O, et al (2010): Economic Analysis of Beekeeping Activity in Adana Province. Agricultural Economics Research Institute Edition No: 78, Ankara.
  • Ramanathan R (1998): Introductory Econometrics with Applications. The Dryden Press, USA.
  • Sancak K, Zan Sancak A, Aygören E (2013): Beekeeping in the World and Turkey. Arıcılık Araştırma Dergisi, 5, 7-13.
  • Sıralı R (2002): General Beekeeping Structure of Turkey. U Bee J, 2, 30-39.
  • Sial MH, Awan MS, Waqas M (2011): Role of Institutional Credit on Agricultural Production: A Time Series Analysis of Pakistan. International Journal of Economics and Finance, 3, 126-132.
  • Tamali̇ H, Özkırım A (2019): Beekeeping Activities in Turkey and Algeria. Mellifera, 19, 30-40.
  • TURKSTAT (2020): Turkey Statistical Institute, Statistical Indicators. Available at https://biruni.tuik.gov.tr/medas/?kn =92&locale=tr (Accessed December 22, 2020).
  • Vanengelsdorp T, Tarpy DR, Baylis K, et al (2012): The bee informed partnership: using beekeeper's real-world experience to solve beekeepers' real-world problems. American Entomologist, 58, 116-118.
  • Yamane T (1967): Elementary sampling theory. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, Inc.

Yıl 2022, Cilt 69, Sayı 3, 329 - 336, 30.06.2022
https://doi.org/10.33988/auvfd.865840

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Abdul-Malik A, Mohammed A (2012): Technical efficiency of beekeeping farmers in Tolon-Kumbungu district of Northern region of Ghana. J Dev Agric Econ, 4, 304-310.
  • Aburime IL, Omotesho OA, Ibrahim HY (2006): An analysis of technical efficiency of beekeeping farms in Oyo state, Nigeria. Eur J Soc Sci, 4, 1-8.
  • Aksoy A, Ertürk YE, Eyturan, E, et al (2018): Estimation of Honey Production in Beekeeping Enterprises from Eastern Part of Turkey Through Some Data Mining Algorithms. Pakistan J of Zoo, 50, 2200-2207.
  • Al-Ghamdi AA, Adgaba N, Herab AH, et al (2017): Comparative analysis of profitability of honey production using traditional and box hives. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 24, 1075–1080.
  • Aydın B, Aktürk D, Arsoy D (2020): Economic and Efficiency Analysis of Beekeeping Activity in Turkey: Case of Çanakkale Province. Veterinary Journal of Ankara University, 67, 23-32.
  • Barlovic N, Kezic J, Benedic ON, et al (2009): Economic efficiency of beekeeping in Croatia. Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus, 74, 51-54.
  • Borum AE (2017): A study of beekeeping survey in Southern Marmara region of Turkey. U Bee J, 17, 24-34.
  • Ceyhan V, Canan S, Yıldırım Ç, et al (2017): Economic structure and services efficiency of Turkish Beekeepers’ Association. Eur J Sustain Dev, 6, 53-64.
  • Coelli TJ (1996): A guide to DEAP Version 2.1: a data envelopment analysis (Computer) program, CEPA Working Paper, No. 8/96, ISBN 1 86389 4969, Department of Econometrics, University of New England, p. 49.
  • Coelli TJ, Rao DSP, Battese GE (1998): An Introduction to Efficiency and Productivity Analysis. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston.
  • Cooper WW, Seiford LM, Tone K (2006): Introduction to DEA and its uses with DEA-Solver software and references. New York: Springer.
  • Emir M (2015): Exploring the socio-economic structure of beekeepers and their production efficiency in Turkey. PhD Thesis. Ondokuz Mayis University Department of Agricultural Economics, Samsun.
  • Farrell MJ (1957): The Measurement of Productive Efficiency. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, 120, 253–281.
  • Fıratlı Ç, Karacaoğlu M, Gençer H, et al (2010): Structural analysis of beekeeping Turkey. In Proceedings of Turkey Agricultural Engineering VII. Technical Congress (pp. 707-717). Ankara, Turkey.
  • Gujarati DN (1999): Basic Econometrics. 2nd Edition, Mc Graw Hill. Literatür Publishing, İstanbul.
  • Güler A, Demir M (2005): Beekeeping potential in Turkey. Bee World, 86, 114-118.
  • Gürer B, Akyol E (2018): An empirical analysis of technical efficiency determinants in beekeeping farms: evidence and policy implications from Niğde Province, Turkey. JAEID, 112, 343-359.
  • Karadas K, Kadirhanogullari IH (2017): Predicting honey production using data mining and artificial neural network algorithms in apiculture. Pakistan J Zool, 49, 1611-1619.
  • Kaya U, Gürcan S (2021): An evaluation of the efficiency of beekeeping enterprises in Hatay province with data envelopment analysis. Ankara Univ Vet Fak Derg, Available at http://vetjournal.ankara.edu.tr/tr/pub/issue/ 48904/754619 (Accessed January 14, 2021).
  • Kosoğlu M, Yucel B, Ozsoy N, et al (2017): Effects of Queen Bee on Colony Development and Management Economy in Turkish Beekeeping. Turkish Journal of Agricultural Economics, 23, 55–60.
  • Makri P, Papanagiotou P, Papanagiotou E (2015): Efficiency and economic analysis of Greek beekeeping farms. Bulg J Agric Sci, 21, 479-484.
  • Ören N, Alemdar T, Parlakay O, et al (2010): Economic Analysis of Beekeeping Activity in Adana Province. Agricultural Economics Research Institute Edition No: 78, Ankara.
  • Ramanathan R (1998): Introductory Econometrics with Applications. The Dryden Press, USA.
  • Sancak K, Zan Sancak A, Aygören E (2013): Beekeeping in the World and Turkey. Arıcılık Araştırma Dergisi, 5, 7-13.
  • Sıralı R (2002): General Beekeeping Structure of Turkey. U Bee J, 2, 30-39.
  • Sial MH, Awan MS, Waqas M (2011): Role of Institutional Credit on Agricultural Production: A Time Series Analysis of Pakistan. International Journal of Economics and Finance, 3, 126-132.
  • Tamali̇ H, Özkırım A (2019): Beekeeping Activities in Turkey and Algeria. Mellifera, 19, 30-40.
  • TURKSTAT (2020): Turkey Statistical Institute, Statistical Indicators. Available at https://biruni.tuik.gov.tr/medas/?kn =92&locale=tr (Accessed December 22, 2020).
  • Vanengelsdorp T, Tarpy DR, Baylis K, et al (2012): The bee informed partnership: using beekeeper's real-world experience to solve beekeepers' real-world problems. American Entomologist, 58, 116-118.
  • Yamane T (1967): Elementary sampling theory. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, Inc.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Veteriner Hekimlik
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Osman UYSAL> (Sorumlu Yazar)
Malatya Turgut Özal Üniversitesi, Ziraat Fakültesi, Tarım Ekonomisi Bölümü
0000-0002-9010-2988
Türkiye

Destekleyen Kurum This research received no grant from any funding agency/sector.
Proje Numarası Not available
Teşekkür This study was carried out in cooperation with Mersin Beekeepers Union.
Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Haziran 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 69, Sayı 3

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { auvfd865840, journal = {Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi}, eissn = {1308-2817}, address = {}, publisher = {Ankara Üniversitesi}, year = {2022}, volume = {69}, number = {3}, pages = {329 - 336}, doi = {10.33988/auvfd.865840}, title = {An evaluation of the efficiency of beekeeping enterprises in Turkey: The case of Mersin City}, key = {cite}, author = {Uysal, Osman} }
APA Uysal, O. (2022). An evaluation of the efficiency of beekeeping enterprises in Turkey: The case of Mersin City . Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi , 69 (3) , 329-336 . DOI: 10.33988/auvfd.865840
MLA Uysal, O. "An evaluation of the efficiency of beekeeping enterprises in Turkey: The case of Mersin City" . Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 69 (2022 ): 329-336 <http://vetjournal.ankara.edu.tr/tr/pub/issue/70947/865840>
Chicago Uysal, O. "An evaluation of the efficiency of beekeeping enterprises in Turkey: The case of Mersin City". Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 69 (2022 ): 329-336
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - An evaluation of the efficiency of beekeeping enterprises in Turkey: The case of Mersin City AU - OsmanUysal Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - doi: 10.33988/auvfd.865840 DO - 10.33988/auvfd.865840 T2 - Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 329 EP - 336 VL - 69 IS - 3 SN - -1308-2817 M3 - doi: 10.33988/auvfd.865840 UR - https://doi.org/10.33988/auvfd.865840 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi An evaluation of the efficiency of beekeeping enterprises in Turkey: The case of Mersin City %A Osman Uysal %T An evaluation of the efficiency of beekeeping enterprises in Turkey: The case of Mersin City %D 2022 %J Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi %P -1308-2817 %V 69 %N 3 %R doi: 10.33988/auvfd.865840 %U 10.33988/auvfd.865840
ISNAD Uysal, Osman . "An evaluation of the efficiency of beekeeping enterprises in Turkey: The case of Mersin City". Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 69 / 3 (Haziran 2022): 329-336 . https://doi.org/10.33988/auvfd.865840
AMA Uysal O. An evaluation of the efficiency of beekeeping enterprises in Turkey: The case of Mersin City. Ankara Univ Vet Fak Derg. 2022; 69(3): 329-336.
Vancouver Uysal O. An evaluation of the efficiency of beekeeping enterprises in Turkey: The case of Mersin City. Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi. 2022; 69(3): 329-336.
IEEE O. Uysal , "An evaluation of the efficiency of beekeeping enterprises in Turkey: The case of Mersin City", Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, c. 69, sayı. 3, ss. 329-336, Haz. 2022, doi:10.33988/auvfd.865840