Year 2020, Volume 67 , Issue 4, Pages 357 - 364 2020-09-01

The effects of thyme essential oil and vitamin combinations on performance, carcass quality and oxidation parameters in broilers exposed to heat stress

Savaş SARIÖZKAN [1] , Berrin KOCAOĞLU GÜÇLÜ [2] , Yusuf KONCA [3] , Eray AKTUĞ [4] , Mahmut KALİBER [5] , Selma BÜYÜKKILIÇ BEYZİ [6] , Meryem ŞENTÜRK [7]


Bu çalışma, ısı stresine (HS) maruz bırakılan broylerlerde yeme ilave edilen kekik esansiyel yağı (TEO) ve TEO’nunfarklı vitaminlerle (A, C ve E) kombinasyonunun performans, karkas kalitesi ve oksidasyon parametrelerine etkisini belirlemekamacıyla yapıldı. Toplam 300 adet, 21 günlük yaşta, Ross-308 ırkı erkek piliç 6 deneme grubuna 5 tekerrürlü olarak dağıtıldı. HS oluşturulan gruplar 21.-41. günler arasında, günde 9 saat 34oC sıcaklığa maruz bırakıldı. Deneme grupları: 1: Termonötral kontrol (TNC, 22oC), 2: Isı stresi kontrol (HSC, 34oC), 3: TEO(300 mg/kg TEO, 34oC), 4: TEO+ Vit C (300 mg/kg TEO+250 mg/kg Vit C, 34oC), 5: TEO+ Vit E (300 mg/kg TEO+250 mg/kg Vit E, 34oC) ve 6: TEO+ Vit A (300 mg/kg TEO+15000 IU/kg Vit A, 34oC) şeklinde oluşturuldu. Çalışma sonunda HS’nin canlı ağırlık (LW), canlı ağırlık artışı (LWG) ve yem tüketimi (FI) değerlerini TNC grubuna göre önemli derecede azalttığı (P<0,05) belirlendi. Isı stresine maruz bırakılan broylerlerin yemlerine kekik yağı veya kekik yağının vitaminlerle (A, C, E) birlikte ilave edilmesinin performans, karkas kalitesi ve karkas parça oranı ile serum parametrelerine önemli bir etkisi olmadı. Ekonomik olarak en yüksek karlılık TNC grubunda elde edildi (P<0,001). Sonuç olarak, HS’nin broilerlerin performans değerlerini olumsuz etkilediği, rasyona TEO+Vit E’nin birlikte ilave edilmesinin HS’in olumsuz etkisinin düzeltilmesinde katkı sağlayabileceği kanaatine varılmıştır.

This study aims to determine the effect of thyme essential oil (TEO) and a combination of TEOwith different vitamins (A, C and E) on performance, carcass quality, oxidation parametersin broilers exposed to heat stress (HS). A total of 300, 21 days old, male Ross-308 chicks were distributed in six experimental groups with five replicates. The broilers in HS groups were exposed to 34oC for nine hours per day between 21 and 41 days of the experiment. The experimental groups were as follows: 1: Thermoneutral control (TNC, 22oC), 2: Heat stress control (HSC, 34oC), 3: TEO(300 mg/kg TEO, 34oC), 4: TEO+ Vit C (300 mg/kg TEO+ 250 mg/kg Vit C, 34oC), 5: TEO+ Vit E (300 mg / kg TEO+ 250 mg/kg Vit E, 34oC) and 6: TEO+ Vit A (300 mg / kg TEO+ 15000 IU / kg Vit A, 34°C). As a result, it was determined that HS significantly reduced live weight (LW), live weight gain (LWG), and feed intake(FI) values compared to the TNC group (P<0.05). Supplementation of TEOor TEOand vitamin (A, C, E) combinations to the feed of broilers exposed to HS had no significant effect on performance, carcass quality, carcass part yields, and serum parameters. Economically, the highest profitability was obtained in the TNC group (P<0.001), In conclusion, HS negativelyaffected the performance of broilers, and the supplementation of TEO+ Vit E to the diet had slightly reduced the adverse effects of HS.

Broiler, heat stress, performance, thyme essential oil, vitamin
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Primary Language en
Subjects Veterinary
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-2491-5152
Author: Savaş SARIÖZKAN
Institution: Erciyes University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Animal Health Economics and Management
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-0341-4594
Author: Berrin KOCAOĞLU GÜÇLÜ
Institution: Erciyes University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Animal Nutrition and Nutritional Diseases
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-6231-1512
Author: Yusuf KONCA
Institution: Erciyes University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Animal Science
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-2799-9478
Author: Eray AKTUĞ (Primary Author)
Institution: Erciyes University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Animal Nutrition and Nutritional Diseases
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-5572-6384
Author: Mahmut KALİBER
Institution: Erciyes University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Animal Science
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-4622-0645
Author: Selma BÜYÜKKILIÇ BEYZİ
Institution: Erciyes University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Animal Science
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-3763-8310
Author: Meryem ŞENTÜRK
Institution: Erciyes University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Biochemistry
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : September 1, 2020

Bibtex @research article { auvfd626707, journal = {Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {1308-2817}, address = {}, publisher = {Ankara University}, year = {2020}, volume = {67}, pages = {357 - 364}, doi = {10.33988/auvfd.626707}, title = {The effects of thyme essential oil and vitamin combinations on performance, carcass quality and oxidation parameters in broilers exposed to heat stress}, key = {cite}, author = {Sarıözkan, Savaş and Kocaoğlu Güçlü, Berrin and Konca, Yusuf and Aktuğ, Eray and Kali̇ber, Mahmut and Büyükkılıç Beyzi̇, Selma and Şentürk, Meryem} }
APA Sarıözkan, S , Kocaoğlu Güçlü, B , Konca, Y , Aktuğ, E , Kali̇ber, M , Büyükkılıç Beyzi̇, S , Şentürk, M . (2020). The effects of thyme essential oil and vitamin combinations on performance, carcass quality and oxidation parameters in broilers exposed to heat stress . Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi , 67 (4) , 357-364 . DOI: 10.33988/auvfd.626707
MLA Sarıözkan, S , Kocaoğlu Güçlü, B , Konca, Y , Aktuğ, E , Kali̇ber, M , Büyükkılıç Beyzi̇, S , Şentürk, M . "The effects of thyme essential oil and vitamin combinations on performance, carcass quality and oxidation parameters in broilers exposed to heat stress" . Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 67 (2020 ): 357-364 <http://vetjournal.ankara.edu.tr/en/pub/issue/56621/626707>
Chicago Sarıözkan, S , Kocaoğlu Güçlü, B , Konca, Y , Aktuğ, E , Kali̇ber, M , Büyükkılıç Beyzi̇, S , Şentürk, M . "The effects of thyme essential oil and vitamin combinations on performance, carcass quality and oxidation parameters in broilers exposed to heat stress". Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 67 (2020 ): 357-364
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The effects of thyme essential oil and vitamin combinations on performance, carcass quality and oxidation parameters in broilers exposed to heat stress AU - Savaş Sarıözkan , Berrin Kocaoğlu Güçlü , Yusuf Konca , Eray Aktuğ , Mahmut Kali̇ber , Selma Büyükkılıç Beyzi̇ , Meryem Şentürk Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.33988/auvfd.626707 DO - 10.33988/auvfd.626707 T2 - Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 357 EP - 364 VL - 67 IS - 4 SN - -1308-2817 M3 - doi: 10.33988/auvfd.626707 UR - https://doi.org/10.33988/auvfd.626707 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi The effects of thyme essential oil and vitamin combinations on performance, carcass quality and oxidation parameters in broilers exposed to heat stress %A Savaş Sarıözkan , Berrin Kocaoğlu Güçlü , Yusuf Konca , Eray Aktuğ , Mahmut Kali̇ber , Selma Büyükkılıç Beyzi̇ , Meryem Şentürk %T The effects of thyme essential oil and vitamin combinations on performance, carcass quality and oxidation parameters in broilers exposed to heat stress %D 2020 %J Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi %P -1308-2817 %V 67 %N 4 %R doi: 10.33988/auvfd.626707 %U 10.33988/auvfd.626707
ISNAD Sarıözkan, Savaş , Kocaoğlu Güçlü, Berrin , Konca, Yusuf , Aktuğ, Eray , Kali̇ber, Mahmut , Büyükkılıç Beyzi̇, Selma , Şentürk, Meryem . "The effects of thyme essential oil and vitamin combinations on performance, carcass quality and oxidation parameters in broilers exposed to heat stress". Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 67 / 4 (September 2020): 357-364 . https://doi.org/10.33988/auvfd.626707
AMA Sarıözkan S , Kocaoğlu Güçlü B , Konca Y , Aktuğ E , Kali̇ber M , Büyükkılıç Beyzi̇ S , Şentürk M . The effects of thyme essential oil and vitamin combinations on performance, carcass quality and oxidation parameters in broilers exposed to heat stress. Ankara Univ Vet Fak Derg. 2020; 67(4): 357-364.
Vancouver Sarıözkan S , Kocaoğlu Güçlü B , Konca Y , Aktuğ E , Kali̇ber M , Büyükkılıç Beyzi̇ S , Şentürk M . The effects of thyme essential oil and vitamin combinations on performance, carcass quality and oxidation parameters in broilers exposed to heat stress. Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi. 2020; 67(4): 357-364.
IEEE S. Sarıözkan , B. Kocaoğlu Güçlü , Y. Konca , E. Aktuğ , M. Kali̇ber , S. Büyükkılıç Beyzi̇ and M. Şentürk , "The effects of thyme essential oil and vitamin combinations on performance, carcass quality and oxidation parameters in broilers exposed to heat stress", Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, vol. 67, no. 4, pp. 357-364, Sep. 2020, doi:10.33988/auvfd.626707